Many Islamic countries lack civil society tradition, liberal democracy and market economy. Why is this so? Does not Islam have any ground supporting basic components of contemporary civilization? What is the reason that in none of Islamic countries we do witness a real democracy and well functioning market economy? Does Islam inherently incompatible with these institutions? Authors Aslan, Barry, Doering, Erdoğan and Kukathas are trying to find answers to these and similar challenging questions. This book is a boon to all with a serious interest in Islam, democracy and market economy.